Ramadan in 2014
The end of summer brings on a flurry of activity after a lull in the wake of summer heat and time off from school. It’s also the time when Muslims celebrate Ramadan. In 2014, from June 28th to July 27th, Muslims will fast from sun up to sun down. Ramadan is the ninth month of the lunar calender and also the holiest time of year for Muslims. It’s thought that during this month the Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by God.
Why Muslims Fast During Ramadan
As this is the holiest time of year, all practicing Muslims over the age of 12 are not allowed to drink or eat during daylight hours. Muslims acknowledge that this month is the time when the gates of hell close, and they are unable to be tempted throughout this month of self-control, discipline and goodwill. The fast doesn’t just pertain to food and drink however. The ritual fast is actually known as Sawm. Muslims are also restricted from pleasures of the senses such as smoking, listening to music and sex. This is meant to lessen the dependence on material goods and purify the soul.
How Ramadan Began
It’s believed that the first Ramadan happened during a particular hot summer, which is way the root of the Arabic name Ramadan means “the scorcher.” This practice started more than 1400 years ago when the Quran was revealed to Muhammad by God. The beginning date of Ramadan is determined by the day after the new moon during the Ramadan lunar month. The Night of Power is most holiest night of the year. This date occurs on an odd-numbered date during the last 10 days of Ramadan. In 2014 it’s July 23rd. Eid al-Fitr or “festivity of breaking the fast” is the last day of Ramadan and so begins the next lunar month.
Daily Life During Ramadan
Every day starts with suhoor. This is a meal before fasting. Muslims begin their first prayer before the sunrise. This is called Fajr. At sundown, families will gather for the end of fast meal known as iftar. A fruit called a date is very important during iftar as this was the food that Muhammad ate first after his fast. After dates are served, Muslims start Maghrib prayer, then the main meal is served. Iftar is a social gathering usually brought together with traditional dishes. Mostly water and juice are consumed during these milks with less focus on eating soda or other caffeinated drinks. The rules in the Middle East are much stricter for what is consumed during iftar. Traditional meals consist of water, juices, dates, salads, a few appetizers, one entree and a few desserts.
Types of Food Served at Iftar
Most of the main entrees contain lamb, grilled getables, roast chicken, chickpea rice pilaf and kababs. Desserts like baklava, luqaimat and kunafeh are served as well. Usually food is served banquet style following the Maghrib prayer.
The Month of Charity
Islam teaches Muslims to be very charitable, but Ramadan is an important month of giving as well as fasting. Zakat is a percentage of a person’s savings that must be given to the poor. Sadaqah is the name given to voluntary charity that goes beyond zakat. Good deeds are considered to be more rewarding during Ramadan. Other rewards are given to those who help the poor break their fast, which is why so many public areas in the Middle East are devoted to large banquets for iftar during Ramadan.
Scripture Study During Ramadan
Many Muslims read the entire Quran or at least read the Quran daily as part of their Ramadan ritual. Many communities also get together to do different segments of the Quran and conclude reading on Eid ul-Fitr or the end of Ramadan.
How Non-Muslims Can Participate
Ramadan isn’t limited to who can participate. Non-Muslims are welcome to participate in fasting and prayer with Muslim friends and family. They are also welcome to iftar and other activities for Ramadan. There are some polite phrases that people can also use for those who are fasting during Ramadan. These include Ramadan Mubarak and Ramadan Kareem, which mean “Have a Blessed or Generous Ramadan.”
Health Restrictions for Participants
The American Diabetes Association suggested that Ramadan isn’t a good idea for people with diabetes. Many Muslims with diabetes experience acute complications due to fasting. However, the study wasn’t conclusive and didn’t show enough evidence to prove that careful diabetic sufferers would still go through any complications or health problems as a result from fasting.
Do Any Muslims Abstain from Ramadan?
While many Muslims believe that fasting during Ramadan is necessary, there are other groups that do not partake in this activity. For example, pregnant or breastfeeding mothers and people with illness often do not fast during Ramadan. Those under the age of 12 do not have to fast. In other groups, children who have yet reached puberty do not have to fast.
The Meaning of Ramadan
In general Ramadan is a holy month meant to purify one’s heart and soul. To each Muslim Ramadan could mean something different. Some believe it is a time focus solely on prayer and reading the Quran while others believe Ramadan as a month of giving away possessions and showing great goodwill to fellow human beings. By removing material wants, people are able to fully focus their energy, faith and service to God. Muslims also focus on purifying their mind and body from actions and thoughts that go against Islam. For example, they may purge actions like cursing or thoughts of anger. It is important for all Muslims to remain pure in accordance with Islam during Ramadan.
In many ways Ramadan is a period of change. It marks the time of summer’s end and new beginnings. Muslims who participate in Ramadan feel a sense of renewal and energy from purifying their bodies and minds. It’s also a celebration of the Quran and dedication to prayer. Each year this month reminds people of their faith and fortifies their love of God.